Thousands of passengers are facing long delays after airports in Scotland and Ireland closed because of a fresh cloud of volcanic ash from Iceland.
Flights will remain grounded until 0100 BST on Thursday at airports such as Glasgow and Belfast, but Edinburgh re-opened at 1900 BST.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) advised passengers to check with airports before travelling. Last month, ash clouds from the same volcano grounded flights for six days. Air traffic control body Nats said all airfields, apart from Edinburgh, currently within the no-fly zone would remain closed until 0100 on Thursday.
Its statement said: “The no-fly zone imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority continues to move further south and west in line with the high-density area of the volcanic ash cloud. “Met Office advice suggests that the cloud will continue to move south-westerly overnight and we therefore hope that fewer restrictions will be necessary tomorrow (Thursday).”
In Scotland, Aberdeen airport has flights arriving and departing as normal, and business resumed at Inverness at 1300 BST. Edinburgh Airport reopened at 1900 BST with the first flights leaving just minutes later. Passengers due to fly from the Scottish airport were warned there would still be some disruption through the evening and on Thursday.
Ryanair has cancelled all flights to and from Belfast, Derry, Edinburgh and Prestwick airports.
But the no-frills airline said it expected all its UK flights to operate on Thursday, although there would be continued disruption in Ireland.
Flybe has cancelled all flights to and from George Best Belfast City, Glasgow and the Isle of Man.
EasyJet flights to and from George Best Belfast City, Belfast International and Glasgow have been cancelled.
There were scenes of confusion at many of the affected airports with airspaces opening and closing at different times throughout the day.
It was the second day of disruption for Northern Ireland and the Republic, with some passengers failing to show up at Belfast’s airports even though they were open on Wednesday morning.
About 200 flights take off daily from Glasgow Airport but only 13 departed on Wednesday. Some passengers were taken by bus from the airport to catch flights from other airports. One of those hit by the disruption was Mabel McGeachie, 62, from East Kilbride, who had been due to fly from Glasgow to Malaga.
She was travelling to Spain with 10 friends and relatives for her daughter’s hen night and was told the next available flight was on Sunday – the day she was meant to return. “We are feeling disappointed as we were looking forward to it and I don’t think we’ll be able to rearrange it,” she said.
Earlier on Wednesday, there were fears the high concentrations of ash could close airspace in north-west England but the area remains outside the no-fly zone.
The CAA said airports in south-east England were unlikely to be affected.
CAA chief executive Andrew Haines said ash would probably “continue to disrupt UK air travel for the foreseeable future”.
“Scientists are tracking the cloud’s movements constantly but its location changes frequently, depending on the strength of eruptions and prevailing winds,” he said. “When the ash level exceeds that agreed as safe by the industry we have to restrict flights accordingly. “This decision is not taken lightly and we appreciate the huge inconvenience and disruption this causes to the many people and businesses affected.”
BBC meteorologist Matt Taylor said the situation was likely to improve on Thursday.
“For the rest of today the largest concentrations of ash will remain over parts of western Scotland and Ireland,” he said. “However, through tomorrow as winds go more north-easterly the ash cloud is expected to be pushed out over the Atlantic and clear of the UK.”
Ian Hall, director of air traffic control body Nats, said they were keeping the situation under review.
“There are glimmers of optimism and hope, but we’ve been there before,” he said. “The volcano is still erupting, the wind is still blowing from the wrong direction as far as our airspace is concerned, and so long as it does that we’ll have to stay on our toes.”
Some flights to and from Dublin Airport on Thursday have already been cancelled. On Tuesday, flights in and out of the Irish Republic, Northern Ireland and Scotland’s Hebrides were suspended at the first sign of an increase in volcanic ash levels.
Flights over Europe were banned last month because of fears the volcanic ash could damage plane engines. The decision to lift the restrictions followed safety tests that showed the engines could cope in areas of low-density ash. The fresh disruption on Tuesday came as European Union transport ministers met in Brussels to agree measures they hoped would help prevent further disruption to air travel as a result of volcanic ash.
The steps include speeding up current plans to integrate Europe’s airspace, creating a “single European regulator for a single European sky”.
The meeting came after criticism from the airline industry that governments took an over-cautious approach to April’s ash cloud crisis and grounded flights unnecessarily.