UK moves to extend freedom of information laws

LONDON—Britain’s government should release its secrets sooner, the country’s deputy prime minister said Thursday, proposing reforms to strengthen the U.K.’s relatively new freedom of information law.

Nick Clegg said he wanted to cut the time officials can keep records from the public down to 20 years from the current 30 years. He also said he hoped to expand the scope of law, which now covers U.K. government departments and local councils. Clegg said he wants it to cover more para-governmental bodies, such as Britain’s Association of Chief Police Officers and its Financial Services Ombudsman.

He said the moves were intended to “resettle the relationship between people and government.”

“We still live in a society where information is hoarded by the few. And, as we know, information is knowledge, and knowledge is power,” Clegg said in excerpts released to the media ahead of a speech due to be delivered Friday.

Britain’s Freedom of Information Act has been on the books for about a decade, far less time than its U.S. counterpart, which was signed into law in 1966.

U.S. rules on declassification vary depending on the nature of the official information. Presidential records can be obtained through freedom of information requests as soon as six years after the end of the president’s administration, although some exemptions apply. Classified information is presumed declassified when it reaches 25 years of age.

Openness advocates have criticized U.K. laws for exempting some semiofficial bodies and for three-decade-long wait before government documents—such as briefings, policy documents, and e-mails sent between ministers—are made public.

A review commissioned by the previous British government said that restrictions should be reduced to 15 years. Clegg has settled on 20.

It wasn’t immediately clear when or how the proposed changes would become law. The previous government had also proposed paring back restrictions on government documents, but the reform was never enacted. Clegg said he hoped his changes could be made before the end of the year.

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