THE US military has repealed a ban on gay people serving openly in uniform, ending a prohibition that President Barack Obama says forced gay and lesbian service members to lie about who they are.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta pledged not to allow other issues of equal opportunity, such as allowing women to serve in combat roles, to be ignored or set aside.
“I am committed to removing all of the barriers that would prevent Americans from serving their country and from rising to the highest level of responsibility that their talents and capabilities warrant,” Mr Panetta told a Pentagon news conference.
“These are men and women who put their lives on the line in the defence of this country, and that’s what should matter the most.”
Repeal of the 18-year-old legal provision – commonly known as “don’t ask, don’t tell”, under which gays can serve as long as they don’t openly acknowledge their sexual orientation – took effect at 12.01am (2.01pm AEST) yesterday.
Appearing with Mr Panetta for what was probably his final news Pentagon conference as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, retiring Navy Admiral Mike Mullen said that with the new law allowing gays to serve openly, the military is a stronger, more tolerant force with greater character and honour.
“I still believe that it was first and foremost a matter of integrity, that it was fundamentally against everything we stand for as an institution to force people to lie about who they are just to wear a uniform,” Admiral Mullen said. “We are better than that.”
Some in Congress still oppose the change, arguing that it may undermine order and discipline, but top Pentagon leaders have certified that it will not hurt the military’s ability to recruit or to fight wars.
Mr Obama issued a statement saying he is confident that lifting the ban will enhance US national security.
“As of today, patriotic Americans in uniform will no longer have to lie about who they are in order to serve the country they love,” he said. “As of today, our armed forces will no longer lose the extraordinary skills and combat experience of so many gay and lesbian service members.”
The head of Pentagon personnel put out a memo to the work force at a minute after midnight.
“All service members are to treat one another with dignity and respect regardless of sexual orientation,” the memo from Clifford Stanley said.
“The Department of Defense is committed to promoting an environment free from personal, social or institutional barriers that prevent service members from rising to the highest level of responsibility possible regardless of sexual orientation,” he said.
Gay advocacy groups celebrated across the country.
At a San Diego bar, current and former troops danced and counted down to midnight.
“You are all heroes,” Sean Sala, a former navy operations specialist, said. “The days of your faces being blacked out on the news – no more.”
In Iraq, a spokesman for US forces put out a statement noting that all troops there had been trained for the change.
Last week, the Pentagon said 97 per cent of the military had undergone training in the new law.
For weeks the military services have accepted applications from openly gay recruits, while waiting for repeal to take effect before processing the applications.
The lifting of the 18-year-old ban also halts all pending investigations, discharges and other administrative proceedings that were begun under the Clinton-era law.