Raul Castro proposed term limits yesterday for Cuban politicians – including himself – a remarkable gesture on an island ruled for 52 years by him and his brother.
The 79-year-old President lamented the lack of young leaders in government, saying the country was paying the price for errors made in the past.
Castro told delegates to a crucial Communist Party summit he would launch a “systematic rejuvenation” of the Government.
He said politicians and other important officials should be restricted to two consecutive five-year terms, including “the current president of the Council of State and his ministers” – a reference to himself.
Castro officially took over from his brother Fidel in 2008, meaning he would be at least 86 at the end of a second term, depending on how the law is written.
The proposal was made towards the end of a two-hour speech in which the Cuban leader forcefully backed a laundry list of changes to the country’s socialist economic system, including the eventual elimination of ration books and other subsidies, the decentralisation of the island nation’s economy and a new reliance on supply and demand in some sectors.
Still, he drew a line in the Caribbean sand as to which reforms should remain, telling party luminaries that he had rejected dozens of suggested reforms that would have allowed the concentration of property in private hands.
Castro said the country had ignored its problems for too long, and made it clear Cuba had to make tough decisions if it wanted to survive. “No country or person can spend more than they have. Two plus two is four. Never five, much less six or seven – as we have sometimes pretended.”
Dressed in a white guayabera shirt, the Cuban leader alternated between reassurances that the economic changes were compatible with socialism, and a brutal assessment of the mistakes the country had made. Fidel Castro was not present for the speech.
Raul Castro said the monthly ration book of basic foods, perhaps the most cherished of subsidies, represented an “unbearable burden … and a disincentive for work”.
He said the changes he was proposing would come “without hurry, but without pause”.
Still, he added that “there will never be room for shock therapy” in Cuba.
Of term limits, Castro said he and his brother had made various attempts to promote young leaders, but that they had not worked out well – perhaps a reference to the 2009 firing of Cuba’s photogenic foreign minister and vice-president, who were later accused of lusting too obviously for power. “Today we face the consequences of not having a reserve of substitutes ready,” Castro said.
Like the proposals on economic changes, the term-limit idea does not yet carry the force of law since the party gathering lacks the powers of parliament. But it’s all but certain to be acted on quickly by the National Assembly.
The Communist Party is the only political organisation recognised on the island, and most politicians are members. Cubans vote for municipal and national assemblies, which in turn elect senior leaders including the president. Currently there is no set limit on their terms.
Since taking office, Raul Castro has leased tens of thousands of hectares of fallow government land to small farmers, and enacted reforms that allow Cubans to go into business for themselves, rent out homes and hire employees.
Cubans are watching to see whether other changes emerge from the Congress – such as the end of a near-total ban on buying and selling private property, or details on promises to extend bank credits.
Raul Castro has also pledged to end Cuba’s unusual two-tiered currency system, where wages are paid in pesos, while many imported goods are available only in a dollar-linked economy beyond most people’s reach. The President, however, has said little about how or when he would accomplish that.
Earlier, Cuba put on a rousing military and civilian parade to mark the 50th anniversary of the Bay of Pigs attack of 1961, when Fidel Castro’s two-year-old government routed an invasion force of some 1200 Cuban exiles supported by the CIA.